Great Britain, Ireland, and Denmark enter European Economic Community (Jan. 1). Ferdinand E. Marcos assumes the powers of President, Prime Minister, the legislature and military commander in chief of the Philippines (Jan 17). Vietnam War ends with signing of peace pacts in Paris (Jan. 27).
Nixon, on national TV, accepts responsibility, but not blame, for Watergate; accepts resignations of advisers H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, fires John W. Dean III as counsel (April 30). Premier George Papadopoulos' military-led government proclaims Greece a presidential republic, abolishing monarchy (June 1). U.S. bombing of Cambodia ends, marking official halt to 12 years of combat activity in Southeast Asia (Aug. 15). Violent military coup deposes President Salvador Allende Gossens of Chile; Santiago police report that he commited suicide (Sept. 11). King Gustaf VI of Sweden dies at 90. He is succeeded by his grandson, who becomes Carl XVI Gustaf (Sept. 15). Painting by late Jackson Pollock, "Blue Poles," is sold to Australian National Gallery in canberra for $2 million, most ever paid for an american painting (Sept 21). Juan D. Perón is elected President of Argentina and his wife, Isabel, is elected first woman Vice President in Latin American history (Sept 23). Fourth and biggest Arab-Israeli conflict begins as Egyptian and Syrian forces attack Israel as Jews mark Yom Kippur, holiest day in their calendar (Oct. 6). Spiro T. Agnew resigns as vice president and then, in federal court in Baltimore, pleads no contest to charges of evasion of income taxes on $29,500 he received in 1967, while governor of Maryland. He is fined $10,000 and put on three years' probation (Oct. 10). In the “Saturday Night Massacre,” Nixon fires special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus; Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson resigns (Oct. 20). Egypt and Israel sign U.S.-sponsored cease-fire accord (Nov. 11). Supreme Court rules on Roe v. Wade. Duke Ellington's autobiography, Music Is My Mistress, is published.